Argentina substitutes and coaching staff came onto the pitch at the Lusail International Stadium amid clashes with the Netherlands players.
Midfielder Leandro Paredes sparked one confrontation by booting a ball at the Netherlands bench.
The Netherlands came from two goals down to force extra time and penalties in the quarter-final, with clashes continuing between the teams following the shootout.
Lionel Messi was among a World Cup record 17 players or coaching staff members to be shown a yellow card by the Spanish referee Antonio Mateu Lahoz in the quarter-final.
Both Argentina and the Netherlands have been hit by a separate charge for picking up more than five yellow cards during the match.
Fifa fined Saudi Arabia $16,000 after they picked up more than five bookings in a single match during the group stages
Argentina, who play Croatia in the semi-finals, will likely be hit with a heavier fine by FIfa’s disciplinary panel for the separate disorder charge.